The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) is a protective piece of legislation that ensures workers have rights regarding how much they are to be paid for their time and what rates they are guaranteed for overtime. Those working in Pennsylvania should be aware of what rights they are granted through this act and what its limitations are, so they can avoid being taken advantage of.

What does the FLSA protect?

 The U.S. Department of Labor states that the FLSA protects employees who work overtime by requiring employers to pay employees working more than 40 hours per week no less than 1.5 times their normal pay for any hours over 40. Employees should check with their local department of labor to verify they are not exempt from this rule.

 While state minimum wage rates may be higher, the FLSA requires that all workers be paid a minimum wage of at least $7.25 per hour, and Pennsylvania currently adheres to this number.  If something requires a wage deduction, for example a uniform an employer requires, that deduction may not reduce employees’ pay to anything lower than the minimum wage.

Where is the line drawn for the FLSA?

The FLSA does have certain limitations, such as the fact that it does not guarantee weekend or holiday pay, vacation time or sick pay. These benefits are at the discretion of employers.

Also, state laws still take precedence, but under certain restrictions. The Pennsylvania Department of Labor and Industry states that where the FLSA intersects with state law, employers must go with the rule that most benefits their employees.